The United Nations as Peacekeeper
Daryl Le Cornu
1. Origins and early challenges of the United Nations
- Reasons for the creation of the UN.
- Key provisions and articles of the Charter of the UN and the Declaration of Human Rights.
- The Security Council, the General Assembly, the Secretariat and the role of the veto.
- Impact of the creation of Israel, Communist China and the Korean War.
2. The development of the UN
- Effect of the Cold War on UN activities.
- Pursuit of nuclear disarmament.
- Impact of Third World countries and changing membership on the UN.
- The origin of UN peacekeeping.
- Assessment of the role and impact of the UN as international peacekeeper in the Congo and in the Arab-Israeli conflicts 1967 and 1973.
- The development of peacekeeping.
3. Challenges to peace
- The ‘soft agendas’ of the UN.
- The changing membership of the UN.
- Role and effectiveness of the UN and its agencies in dealing with poverty, racism, refugees and AIDS.
4. The UN since the end of the Cold War
- Debate over the role and structure of the UN since the end of the Cold War.
- Nature of the relationship with major powers and alliances.
- Continuing efforts to promote disarmament and prevent nuclear proliferation.
- Assessment of the role and impact of the UN as international peacekeeper in any TWO of the following conflicts: the Gulf War and its aftermath; the former Yugoslavia; Somalia 1993 and Rwanda 1994; East Timor 1999–2001