United Nations Charter (UN Charter)
The UN Charter is the backbone of the entire UN intergovernmental organization. It is a constituent treaty, and all member states, including of course Australia, are bound by its articles. Article 103 of the Charter states that obligations to the United Nations Charter prevail over all other treaty obligations. The overwhelming majority of countries, 193, have now ratified the Charter. The Statute of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) is annexed to the Charter. The IJC, the core judicial organ of the UN, has the principal role of settling legal disputes between nations.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
The UDHR was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. The UDHR arose directly from the devastating experiences of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled. The UDHR consists of thirty articles that have been integrated into subsequent international and regional human rights treaties and instruments, national constitutions, and laws. Australia was one of the small number countries involved with drafting the UDHR and has for decades had a global reputation as a champion of human rights. Similar to all leading countries, Australia has issued, as a self imposed check and balance, a standing invitation to UN human rights experts to visit and regularly report on Australia’s performance against the UDHR and related documents.
(Chinese Madarin Version)
(Indian Hindi Version)
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Convention and Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees